What is Geneva Convention?
You may have heard much news and laws about the war zone situations. Here in this article, I am sharing with you the very important details information that every person must know. Here we will talk about the What is Geneva Convection and what are the rules under Geneva Convection etc. Check the complete article below. I have given all the details related to the Geneva Convention. I have also talked about the Indian-Pakistan conflict that solved under the rules and Geneva Conventions treaties. Check the article below to get details regarding the recent India Pakistan Incident.
What is the Geneva Convention?
Table of Contents
Geneva is a city in Switzerland where an agreement was negotiated in the aftermath of the Second World War for international law for humanitarian treatment in war. Comprising of four treaties, and three additional protocols, Geneva Conventions proposed a system for the prisoners of war and for their treatment and aid in a foreign conflict. Geneva Conventions usually denotes the agreements of 1949, which updated the terms of the two 1929 treaties, and added two new conventions.
Moreover, the Geneva Conventions also defines the rights and protections to the innocent civilians, yet, because the Geneva Conventions are made for the people in war. There are also some rules and regulations that come under this.
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Rules and Regulation under the Geneva Convention:
The Geneva Convention states that POWs are usually members of the armed forces of one of the parties to a conflict that fall into the hands of the adverse party. It says POWs cannot be prosecuted for taking a direct part in hostilities. Their detention is not a form of punishment but only aims to prevent further participation in the conflict. They must be released and repatriated without delay after the end of hostilities. According to the Geneva Convection, the detaining power may prosecute them for possible war crimes, but not for acts of violence that are lawful under International Humanitarian Law. The rules specify that POWs must be treated humanely in all circumstances. They are protected against any act of violence, as well as against intimidation, insults, and public curiosity.
These are the rules that are made under the Geneva Convention and now let’s see there are some four Treaties under the Geneva Convention that are also important to know.
Genena Convention Treaties:
These are treaties that are important to be followed under this Geneva Convention. Here are details about these treaties:
The First Geneva Convention is for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field” was the fourth update of the original 1864 convention and replaced the 1929 convention on the same subject matter.
The Second is for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea” replaced the Hague Convention (X) of 1907. It was the first Geneva Convention on the protection of the victims of maritime warfare and mimicked the structure and provisions of the First Geneva Convention.
The third Geneva convection is for the relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War replaced the 1929 Geneva Convention that dealt with prisoners of war.
In addition to these three conventions, the conference also added a new elaborate Fourth Geneva Conventions “relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War”. It was the first Geneva Convention not to deal with combatants; rather it had the protection of civilians as its subject matter.
These are the conditions under this. If you are a defense Aspirant, you must learn this all. It is important for you. A question from this is also asked in the Current Affairs or General Knowledge portion of any exam. Now let’s talk about the Indian and Pakistan conflict that is solved later under the Third Geneva Convention.
The Indian Airforce Fighter Pilot got shot down by the Pakistani Fighter jet and the Indian Pilot ejected from the plane and survived. The Indian pilot fell down into Pakistani territory and got caught by the Pakistani rangers. This is very biggest trouble for any country. The relation between India and Pakistan is not good but then too under the rules of this. The Pakistani Prime Minister ordered to release the Pilot as Peach gesture to India.
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