National War Memorial

The National War memorial is a monument inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi on February 25, 2019 near India Gate, New Delhi. It is constructed by Government of India to honour soldiers who laid down their lives in various wars in 1947-48, 1961 (Goa), 1962 (China), 1965, 1971, 1987 (Siachen), 1987-1988 (Sri Lanka), 1999 (Kargil), and other operations such as operation Rakshak. Names of around 25,942 martyred soldiers have been engraved on the stone wall here. The National War Memorial building is stretched over 40 acres and is built around the existing canopy near India Gate. Post -Independence, countless soldiers have sacrificed their lives and this National War Memorial will now remain forever as a symbol of their valiant spirit.

Details of National War Memorial

  • The structure of memorial building has been built in the form of five, each of them signifying different values of the armed forces.
  • Amar Chakra (Circle of immorality) – The Amar Chakra contains a 15-metre-tall Obelisk, visible even from a distance and an eternal flame.
  • Veerta Chakra (Circle of Bravery) – Surrounding it is a Veerta Chakra with six murals showing different battle action of the Army, The Navy and the Air Force. Each of these weighs between 600 – 1000 kgs.
  • Tyag Chakra (Circle of Sacrifice) – Tyag Chakra which encircle these murals is made up of granite bricks. These Chakras bear the names of all martyred soldiers post – independence.
  • Rakshak Chakra (Circle of Protection) – Rakshak Chakra also called as Final Chakra surrounds the other three chakras, contains overall 600 trees that acts a wall and depicts the soldiers who protect our country.

The above four Chakras are created as a Chakravyuh, which is an ancient Indian War formation.

Adjacent to the building complex, lies a tribute to the 21 Param Veer Chakra Awardees (India’s highest military honour), with each recipient honoured by a bronze bust covered by a lush green patch, complete with pathways and informative plaques on the bravery and courage of soldiers displayed during battle.

The War Memorial building was designed by Chennai-based Architect Yogesh Chandrahasan, who said, “The whole concept is based on the thought that the war memorial should be a place where we don’t mourn death, but celebrate the life of the soldiers and pay respect to the sacrifices made by them.


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