AFCAT Syllabus Exam Pattern 2023: Check Marking Scheme
AFCAT Syllabus 2023
Table of Contents
Although, there has been a slight change in the AFCAT Syllabus and Exam Pattern from AFCAT 2 2022 onwards. Moreover, Candidates who are willing to appear for AFCAT 1 2023 can go through the detailed and updated syllabus below.
Through AFCAT, candidates are given an opportunity to work in departments like Flying Branch, Technical Branch, and Ground Duty Branch. We have provided the complete details of the AFCAT syllabus as well as the exam pattern in this article. You can bookmark this page to get notified whenever there is any update.
AFCAT Model Papers – Click to Download
AFCAT Syllabus 2023 – Overview
Also, the highlights of the Air Force Common Admission Test Syllabus and Exam Pattern are provided with the help of the table below.
AFCAT Syllabus 2023 – Overview | |
Recruitment Body | Indian Air Force (IAF) |
Exam Name | Air Force Common Admission Test (AFCAT 1 2023) |
AFACT 2 2022 Vacancies | 283 |
Category | Syllabus |
Exam Level | National |
Mode of Exam | Online |
Time Duration | 2 hours for AFCAT & 45 minutes for EKT |
Marking Scheme | 3 marks for each right answer |
Negative Marking Scheme | 1 mark for each wrong answer |
Selection Process | Written test- AFSB Test- Medical Examination |
AFCAT Official Website | @afcat.cdac.in |
AFCAT Exam Pattern 2023
Hence, the AFCAT exam is conducted for all the applicants together whether Technical Branch, Ground Duty, or Non-Technical Branch. But there is an additional exam known as EKT conducted only for those who have opted for the Technical branch.
For all the candidates for the AFCAT, it is mandatory to appear in the written test. Also, the candidates who have applied for the technical posts need to appear in the Engineering Knowledge Test (EKT). Further details regarding the AFCAT exam pattern are provided below:
Important Points:
Total Time Duration: 2 hours
Number of Questions: 100
Marking Criteria: +3 for each correct answer
Negative Marking: -1 for each incorrect answer
No marks for unattended questions.
Exam | AFCAT | EKT (only for technical) |
Mode of Exam | Online | Online |
No. of Questions | 100 | 50 |
Maximum Marks | 300 | 150 |
Duration of Exam | 2 hours (120 minutes) | 45 minutes |
Sections in Paper | General Awareness, Verbal Ability in English, Numerical Ability and Reasoning, and Military Aptitude Test | Mechanical, Computer Science, and Electrical & Electronics |
Negative Marking | 1 mark |
AFCAT Syllabus 2023 – Complete Details
AIR FORCE COMMON ADMISSION TEST (AFCAT): The AFCAT Question Paper will have 100 questions. The total time allotted for the paper is two hours. Each Question Paper will have questions on the following topics:-
(a) English.
Comprehension, Detecting Errors in Sentences, Sentence Completion/ Filling in of correct word, Synonym/ Antonym, Cloze Test or Fill in the Gaps in a paragraph, Idioms and Phrases, Analogy, Sentence Rearranging, Substitution in a Sentence/ One Word Substitution.
(b) General Awareness.
History, Geography, Sports, National & International Organizations, Art & Culture, Personalities, Environment & Ecology, Indian Polity, Economy, Basic Science Based Knowledge, Science & Technology, Current Affairs (National & International), and Defence.
(c) Numerical Ability.
Decimal Fraction, Time and Work, Average/ Percentage, Profit & Loss, Ratio & Proportion, Simple and Compound Interest, Time & Distance and Races (Trains/ Boats & Streams), Area and Perimeter, Probability, Number System & Number Series, Mixture & Allegation Rules, Clocks.
(d) Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test.
Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning.
Note: The standard of Numerical Ability Questions will be of Matriculation level. The standard of questions in other subjects will be of graduation level (Indian University).
AFCAT Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering
Fundamental Engineering
1. Engineering Mathematics
- Matrix Algebra
- Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
- Theorems of integral calculus
- Partial derivatives
- Maxima and minima
- Multiple integrals
- Stokes
- Gauss and Green’s theorems
- The first-order differential equation (linear and nonlinear)
- Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations
- Complex variables
- Taylor’s and Laurent’s series
- Sampling theorems
- Mean, Median, Mode, and Standard deviation
- Random variables
- Discrete and Continuous distributions
- Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform
2. Engineering Physics
- Units for measurement
- Description of Motion in One, Two, and Three Dimensions
- Laws of Motion
- Work, Energy, and Power
- Rotational Motion
- Gravitation
- Heat and Thermodynamics
- Electrostatics
- Electric Current
- Magnetic Effect of Currents
- Magnetism
- Electromagnetic Induction Alternating Currents and Electromagnetic Waves
- Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
3. Engineering Graphics/ Engineering Drawing
- Projection of straight line
- Planes and solids
- Intersection of surfaces
- Isometric Projection
- Sectional Views of solids
- Full section
- Introduction to ComputerAided Drafting
Core Engineering
4. Engineering Mechanics. Generalized Hooke’s law and its application; design problems on axial stress, shear stress and bearing stress; material properties for dynamic loading; bending shear and stresses in beams; determination of principle stresses and strains – analytical and graphical; material behaviour and design factors for dynamic load; design of circular shafts for bending and torsional load only; deflection of beam for statically determinate problems; theories of failure. Stress and Strain: Equations of equilibrium, constitutive law, strain-displacement relationship, compatibility equations, plane stress and strain.
5. Thermodynamics. The basic concept of First law and second law of Thermodynamics; concept of entropy and reversibility; availability and unavailability and irreversibility. Classification and properties of fluids; incompressible and compressible fluids flows; effect of Mach number and compressibility; continuity momentum and energy equations; normal and oblique shocks; one-dimensional isentropic flow; flow or fluids in duct with frictions that transfer. Flow through fans, blowers and compressors; axial and centrifugal flow configuration; design of fans and compressors.
6. Theory of Machines. Kinematic and dynamic analysis of plane mechanisms.
Cams, Gears and epicyclic gear trains, flywheels, governors, balancing of rigid rotors, balancing of single and multi-cylinder engines, linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems (single degree of freedom), Critical speeds and whirling of shafts. Flywheels, balancing of rotors and reciprocating machinery, balancing machines, governors, free and forced vibration of damped and undammed single degree of freedom systems, isolation, whirling of shafts, gyroscope.
7. Fluid mechanics/ Hydraulic Machines.
Fluid flow concepts – Transport theorem – Fluid kinematics – Potential flow – Governing equations of Fluid flow – Dimensional Analysis – Viscous flow – Boundary Layer flows – Turbulence – Closed conduit flows – Hydrodynamic lubrication – Free surface flow – Compressible flows, Hydraulic Turbines: Impulse and Reaction Turbines – Centrifugal and Axial flow pumps.
8. Manufacturing Science. Foundry Technology, Melting furnaces, Special casting processes, Gating and riser design Casting defects, Arc welding, TIG, MIG, submerged arc, resistance welding, Gas welding, Flash butt welding, Solid state welding, Welding metallurgy, Forming Technology, Powder metallurgy.
9. Materials Science. Basic concepts on structure of solids; common ferrous and non-ferrous materials and their applications; heat-treatment of steels; non-metals plastics, ceramics, composite materials and nano-materials.
10. Machine Drawing. Development and Intersection of surfaces, Conventional representation of machine elements, materials, surface finish and tolerances – Sectional views and additional views – Drawing of Screw threads, locking devices, Fasteners, Keys and Cotters, Knuckle joints, Riveted Joints, Shaft Couplings and Bearings – Pipe Joints, Assembly and production drawings.
Allied Engineering
11. Automotive Engineering. The power plant, fuel system, electrical systems lubricating system and cooling systems, chassis and transmission, axles, clutches, propeller shafts and differential, condition for correct steering, steering gear
mechanisms, automotive air conditioning, Tires, and the effect of working parameters on knocking, reduction of knocking; Forms of the combustion chamber for SI and CI engines; rating of fuels; additives; emission.
12. Mechatronics. Sensors & transducers; Drives and actuators, hydraulic & pneumatic actuators, electric actuators such as servo motors, stepper motors, drive circuits, open and closed loop control; Smart materials shape memory alloys, piezoelectric and magnetostrictive actuators.
13. Industrial Engineering. System design: factory location- simple OR models; plant layout – methods based; applications of engineering economic analysis and breakeven analysis for product selection, process selection and capacity planning; predetermined time standards. System planning; forecasting methods based on regression and decomposition, design and balancing of multi-model and stochastic assembly lines; inventory management – probabilistic inventory models for order time and order quantity determination; JIT systems; strategic sourcing; managing inter-plant logistics.
14. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. Advanced vapour compression cycle, Refrigerants and their properties, Ozone depletion and effect upon global warming; Comfort air conditioning, cooling load calculations, application of AC systems, Cooling towers, Evaporative condensers, Cooling and dehumidifying coils.
15. Composite Materials. Definition and application of composite materials, fibre glass, carbon ceramic and aramid fibres; Matrix polymers, graphite, ceramic and metal matrices; Characteristics of fibres and matrices; Manufacturing of composite materials; Laminated materials, a basic assumption of the laminated anisotropic plate.
16. Aerodynamics. Basic Fluid Mechanics: Incompressible irrotational flow, Helmholtz and Kelvin theorem, singularities and superposition, viscous flows, boundary layer on a flat plate. Airfoils and wings: Classification of airfoils, aerodynamic characteristics, high lift devices, Kutta Joukowski theorem; lift generation; thin airfoil theory; wing theory; induced drag; qualitative treatment of low aspect ratio wings. Viscous Flows Flow separation, introduction to turbulence, transition, the structure of a turbulent boundary layer. Compressible Flows: Dynamics and Thermodynamics of I-D flow, isentropic flow, normal shock, oblique shock.
Syllabus for Electrical and Electronics Engineering
FUNDAMENTAL ENGINEERING
1. Engineering Mathematics. Matrix Algebra, Eigen values and Eigen vectors, Theorems of integral calculus, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems. The first-order differential equation (linear and nonlinear), Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Complex variables, Taylor’s and
Laurent’s series, Sampling theorems, Mean, Median, Mode and Standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions, Fourier transform, Laplace transform, and Z-transform.
2. Engineering Physics. Units for measurements, Description of Motion in One, Two and Three Dimensions, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power, Rotational Motion, Gravitation, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrostatics, Electric current, Magnetic Effect of Currents, Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents and Electromagnetic Waves, Ray Optics and Optical Instruments.
3. Engineering Graphics/ Engineering Drawing. Principles of orthographic projections, projections of points, lines planes and solids, Sections of solids, Isometric views, Auto-CAD.
CORE ENGINEERING
4. Analog and Digital Electronics. Characteristics of diodes, Amplifiers – biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response, Oscillators and Feedback amplifiers, Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications, Simple active filters, VCOs and timers, Combinational and sequential logic circuits, Multiplexers, Schmitt triggers, Multi-vibrators, sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, 8-bit microprocessors basics, architecture, programming and interfacing.
5. Electrical Engineering. DC network theorems, Electrostatics, Magnetism Electromechanical power sources. AC series circuits, Parallel circuits, AC network analysis, AC bridges. DC Generators, Armature Reaction and Communication, Generator characteristics, DC Motor – speed controlling, testing of DC Machines, Transformer, Three phase transformer, Induction Motor, Single phase motors, alternators, synchronous motors Special Machines.
6. Electronic Devices. Energy bands in Silicon, Intrinsic and extrinsic Silicon, Carrier transport in Silicon – diffusion current, drift current, mobility and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers, p-n junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, PIN and Avalanche photodiode. Basics of LASER. Device technology – integrated circuits fabrication process, Oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process.
7. Control Engineering. Application of open loop and closed loop systems, Principles of feedback, Determination of transfer function by block diagram reduction
method, Time domain analysis of first and second order systems, transient and steadystate errors, damping and oscillations, Routh and Nyquist techniques, Bode plots, Rooty
loci, Lag, lead and lead-lag compensation, Controllability and observability.
8. Analog and Digital communications. Amplitude Modulation Techniques, Angle Modulation Techniques, Representation of FM and PM signals. Gaussian and white noise characteristics, Noise in AM & FM systems, Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis. Radio receivers – Super heterodyne Receiver, SNR calculations for FM and AM.
Pulse Modulation Techniques – PAM, PWM, PPM and pulse code modulation (PCM),
Differential pulse code modulation. Delta modulation, Noise considerations in PCM,
Time Division multiplexing, Digital Multiplexers. Digital Modulation schemes – Phase
Shift Keying, Frequency Shift Keying, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation, Continuous
Phase Modulation and Minimum Shift Keying. Digital Modulation tradeoffs.
9. Signals and Systems. Linear shift-invariant (LSI) systems, impulse response
and step response, convolution, input-output behavior with a periodic convergent inputs.
Characterization of causality and stability of linear shift invariant systems. System
representation through differential equations and difference equations. The idea of
signal space and orthogonal bases. State-space model analysis and multi-input, multioutput representation. The state-transition matrix and its role.
10. Computer Networks. ISO/ OSI stack, LAN technologies (Ethernet, Token ring),
Flow and error control techniques, Congestion control, TCP/ UDP and sockets, IPv4,
Application layer protocols (icmp, dns, smtp, pop, ftp, http); Basic concept of hubs,
switches, gateways and routers.
11. Network Theory Design. Network theorems: Superposition, reciprocity,
Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Maximum power Transfer, compensation and Tallegen’s theorem
as applied to AC. Circuits, Impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal response analysis of first
order and second order circuits. Two port parameters and their interrelations, Analysis
of RC, RL and RLC networks with and without initial conditions with Laplace transforms
evaluation of initial conditions. Transient behavior, concept of complex frequency,
Driving points and transfer functions poles and zeros of immittance function, their
properties, sinusoidal response from pole-zero locations.
ALLIED ENGINEERING
12. Instrumentation. Accuracy, precision and repeatability, Electronic instruments
for measuring basic parameters, Theory of Oscilloscopes, Signal generators, Signal
analysers, Characteristics and construction of transducers.
13. Switching Theory. Traffic definitions, Introduction to switching networks,
classification of switching systems. Grade of Service, Basics of Circuit switching and
packet switching.
14. Fibre Optic Communication. Introduction to vector nature of light, propagation
of light. Different types of optical fibers, Modal analysis of a step index fiber. Signal
degradation on optical fiber due to dispersion and attenuation. Fabrication of fibers and
measurement techniques like OTDR. Optical amplifiers – EDFA, Raman amplifier.
15. Radar Theory. Radar range equation, Frequencies of operation, Fundamentals
Moving Target Indicator, Pulse Doppler Radar, Tracking Radar.
16. Microwave Engineering. Wave guides, Wave guide components, Klystrons,
Travelling Wave Tubes, Magnetron, Microwave measurements, Microwave
semiconductor devices, Monolithic microwave integrated circuits.
17. Antenna and Wave Propagation. Basic Considerations, Wire Radiators in
space, Antenna gain and effective radiated power, Radiation measurement and field
intensity, Antenna resistance, Bandwidth, beam width and polarization, ungrounded
antennas and grounded antennas. Electromagnetic radiation, Propagation of various
types of waves – Ground waves, sky wave propagation, space waves, tropospheric
scatter and extraterrestrial communications.
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Syllabus for Computer Science Engineering
FUNDAMENTAL ENGINEERING
1. Engineering Mathematics. Matrix Algebra, Eigen values and Eigen vectors,
Theorems of integral calculus, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple
integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems. First order differential equation (linear
and nonlinear), Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Complex variables, Taylor’s and
Laurent’ series, Sampling theorems, Mean, Median, Mode and Standard deviation,
Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions, Fourier transform, Laplace
transform, Z-transform.
2. Engineering Physics. Units for measurements, Description of Motion in One,
Two and Three dimensions, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power, Rotational
Motion, Gravitation, Heat and Thermodynamics, Electrostatics, Electric current,
Magnetic Effect of Currents, Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating
Currents and Electromagnetic Waves, Ray Optics and Optical Instruments.
3. Engineering Graphics/ Engineering Drawing. Principles of orthographic
projections, projections of points, lines planes and solids, Section of solids, Isometric
views, Auto-CAD.
CORE ENGINEERING
4. Basic Electrical Engineering. D.C. Circuits, Superposition, Thevenin and
Norton Theorems, Time-domain analysis of first-order RL and RC circuits. A.C. Circuits,
Three-phase balanced circuits, voltage and current relations in star and delta
connections. Transformers, Magnetic materials, BH characteristics, ideal and practical
transformer, equivalent circuit, losses in transformers, regulation and efficiency.
Auto-transformer and three-phase transformer connections. Electrical Machines, their
Construction, Loss components and efficiency, Single-phase induction motor.
Construction and working of synchronous generators. Power Converters, Electrical
Installations, Earthing, Types of Batteries, Important Characteristics for Batteries.
Elementary calculations for energy consumption, power factor improvement and battery
backup.
5. Data structure & Algorithms. Basic Terminologies & Data Organizations, Data
Structure Operations, Analysis of an Algorithm, Asymptotic Notations, Searching and
their complexity analysis. Stacks and Queues, Types, their operations and complexity
analysis. Linked Lists, Types, their operations, complexity analysis and representation
in memory. Trees, Their types, Operations, algorithms with complexity analysis. Sorting
and Hashing, Algorithms, operations with complexity analysis. Performance and
Comparison among all the methods.
6. Computer Organization & Architecture. Functional blocks of a computer, CPU,
memory, I/O & control, addressing modes & operations cycles. Data representation:
signed number, fixed/ floating point and character representation. Computer arithmetic,
types of adders, subtractors, multipliers, dividers and floating point arithmetic.
Introduction to x86 architecture. CPU, Memory & its organization, Peripheral devices
and their characteristics: Input-output device interface & transfers program, interrupt,
DMA etc.
7. Operating Systems. Operating systems, Types, Services, System Calls,
Structure of an OS-Layered, Virtual Machine. Processes & its relationship, states,
transitions, Process Control Block (PCB), Context switching, Thread and various states,
Process Scheduling and its objectives, types & criteria. Inter-process Communication,
Semaphores, Classical IPC Problems, Deadlocks and Recovery. Memory Management,
fragmentation, Paging, Protection and sharing, File Management, efficiency and
performance, Disk Management.
8. Database Management Systems. Database system architecture, ER, network
and object oriented data models. Relational algebra, Relational database design, Query
processing and optimization. Transaction processing and Database Security.
9. Computer Networks. Data communication networks and Topologies, Protocols
and Standards, Transmission Media, Techniques for Bandwidth utilization. Data Link
Layer and Medium Access Sub Layer functioning. Flow Control and Error control
protocols. Network Layer switching, Logical addressing, mapping, routing and
forwarding protocols. Transport Layer Communication, User Datagram Protocol (UDP),
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), SCTP Congestion Control; Quality of Service,
QoS improving techniques. Application Layer: Domain Name Space (DNS), DDNS,
TELNET, EMAIL, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), WWW, HTTP, SNMP, Bluetooth,
Firewalls, Basic concepts of Cryptography.
ALLIED ENGINEERING
10. Analog Electronic Circuits. P-N junction diode, I-V characteristics of a diode;
review of half-wave and full-wave rectifiers, Zener diodes, clamping and clipping
circuits. BJT circuits and its uses in different configurations. Structure and I-V
characteristics. MOSFET circuits and its uses, structure and I-V characteristics.
11. Digital Electronics. Fundamentals of Digital Systems and logic families,
Boolean algebra, number systems, error detecting and correcting codes, characteristics of digital ICs, and digital logic families. Combinational Digital Circuits, K-map representation,
Multiplexer, De-Multiplexer/ Decoders, ALU, elementary ALU design, Sequential circuits and systems. A/D and D/A Converters. Semiconductor memories and Programmable logic devices.
12. Telecommunication Systems. Amplitude and Frequency modulation and
fundamentals of Optical Fiber communication.
13. Radar Theory. Radar functioning and applications.
14. Instrumentation. Electronics instrument for measuring various basic parameters and accuracy, precision and repeatability
AFCAT Syllabus 2023: Other Topics
4. Analog & Digital Electronics
- Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET, JFET, and MOSFET
- Amplifiers – biasing, equivalent circuit, and frequency response
- Oscillators and feedback amplifiers, Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications
- Simple active filters
- VCOs and timers
- Combinational and sequential logic circuits
- Multiplexer
- Schmitt trigger
- Multi-vibrators
- Sample and hold circuits
- A/D and D/A converters
- 8-bit microprocessor basics
- Architecture, programming, and interfacing
5. Electronic Device
- Energy bands in Silicon
- Intrinsic and extrinsic Silicon
- Carrier transport in silicon – diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity
- Generation and recombination of carriers
- P-N junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode
- BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor
- MOSFET, LED, PIN, and avalanche photodiode
- Basics of LASER
6. Computer Networks
- ISO/OSI stack,
- LAN technologies (Ethernet, Token ring)
- Flow and error control techniques
- Congestion control
- TCP/UDP and sockets
- IPv4
- Application layer protocols (ICMP, DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, HTTP)
- Basic concepts of hubs
- Switches, gateways, and routers
- Network security – basic concepts of public key and private key cryptography, digital signature, firewalls
- Basic concepts of client-server computing
7. Network Theory Design
- Thevenin’s Norton’s, Reciprocity, Superposition, Compensation, Miller’s, Tellegen’s, and Maximum power transfer theorems
- Impulse, step, ramp, and sinusoidal response analysis of first-order and second-order circuits
- Two-port parameters and their interrelations
- Application of Laplace transform and Fourier series in the context of network analysis, Network synthesis
8. Switching Theory
- Traffic definitions
- Introduction to switching networks, classification of switching systems
- Grade of Service and blocking probability
- Basics of Circuit switching and packet switching
- Network traffic load and parameters
- Modelling of switching systems
- Incoming traffic and service time characterization
- Blocking models and loss estimates
- Delay systems -Markovian queuing model, M/M/1 model, Limited queue capacity, Multiple servers, Finite sources, Queue discipline
9. Information Technology
- Operating System – Processes, threads, interprocess communication, Concurrency, Synchronization, Deadlock, CPU scheduling, Memory management and virtual memory, File systems, I/O systems, Protection and security
- RDBMS – ER-model, Relational model (relational algebra, tuple calculus), Database design (integrity constraints, normal forms), Query languages (SQL), File structures (sequential files, indexing, B and B+ trees), Transactions and concurrency control.
- Software engineering – Information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, input/output design, process life cycle, planning and managing the project, design, coding, testing, implementation, and maintenance. Programming in C, Object-Oriented Programming, basics of computer graphics
Allied Engineering
10. Electrical Engineering
- Single-phase transformer – equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation, and efficiency,
- Auto-transformer
- Energy conversion principles
- DC machines – types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction, and commutation; Servo and stepper motors
- Synchronous machines,
- Generators –regulation and parallel operation
11. Control Engineering
- Application of open-loop and closed-loop systems
- Principles of feedback
- Determination of transfer function by block diagram reduction method
- Time-domain analysis of first and second-order systems, transient and steady-state errors, damping and
oscillations
12. Telecommunication Systems
- Analog communication – amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems
- Superheterodyne receivers, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)
- Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem
- Digital communication systems – Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), Differential Pulse Code Modulation (DPCM)
- Digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase, and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), Basics of TDMA, FDMA, and CDMA.
- Fundamentals of mobile communication. Fundamentals of optical fibre communication
13. Microwave Engineering
- Waveguides
- Klystrons
- Travelling Wave Tubes
- Magnetron
- Introduction to microstrip lines
- Microwave semiconductor devices
- Monolithic microwave integrated circuits
14. Antenna & Wave Propagation
- Antenna parameters
- Effective length and aperture, Gain, Beamwidth, Directivity, Radiation resistance, Efficiency, Polarization, Impedance and Directional characteristics of antenna, Reflection, refraction, interference, and diffraction of radio waves.
- Fundamentals ground wave, space wave, sky wave, and troposcatter propagation
15. Radar Theory
- Radar range equation
- Frequencies of operation
- Fundamentals of Moving Target Indicator (MTI), Pulse Doppler Radar, Tracking radar
16. Instrumentation
- Accuracy, precision, and repeatability
- Electronic instruments for measuring basic parameters
- Theory of Oscilloscopes
- Signal generators, Signal analyzers
- Characteristics and construction of transducers
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AFCAT Syllabus for Electrical & Electronics Engineering
Fundamental Engineering
1. Engineering Mathematics
- Matrix Algebra
- Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
- Theorems of integral calculus
- Partial derivatives
- Maxima and minima
- Multiple integrals
- Stokes
- Gauss and Green’s theorems
- The first-order differential equation (linear and nonlinear)
- Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations
- Complex variables
- Taylor’s and Laurent’s series
- Sampling theorems
- Mean, Median, Mode, and Standard deviation
- Random variables
- Discrete and Continuous distributions
- Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform
2. Engineering Physics
- Units for measurement
- Description of Motion in One, Two, and Three Dimensions
- Laws of Motion
- Work, Energy, and Power
- Rotational Motion
- Gravitation
- Heat and Thermodynamics
- Electrostatics
- Electric Current
- Magnetic Effect of Currents
- Magnetism
- Electromagnetic Induction Alternating Currents and Electromagnetic Waves
- Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
3. Engineering Drawing
- Projection of straight line
- Planes and solids
- Intersection of surfaces
- Isometric Projection
- Sectional Views of solids
- Full section
- Introduction to ComputerAided Drafting
Specialization Branch Topics
4. Analog & Digital Electronics
- Characteristics of diodes
- BJT, FET, JFET and MOSFET, Amplifiers – biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response, Oscillators and feedback amplifiers
- Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications
- Simple active filters, VCOs, and timers
- Combinational and sequential logic circuits
- Multiplexer
- Schmitt trigger
- Multi-vibrators, Sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters
- 8-bit microprocessor basics, architecture, programming, and interfacing
5. Electrical Engineering
- Single-phase transformer – equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation, and efficiency
- Three-phase transformers – connections, parallel operation
- Autotransformer
- Energy conversion principles
- DC machines – types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction, and commutation, starting and speed control of motors,
- Single-phase and Three-phase induction motors – principles, types, performance characteristics, starting
and speed control - Starting motors, Servo, and stepper motors
- Synchronous machines Generators– performance, regulation, and parallel operation
6. Electronic Devices
- Energy bands in Silicon, Intrinsic and extrinsic Silicon
- Carrier transport in Silicon – diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity
- Generation and recombination of carriers, p-n junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, PIN, and avalanche photodiode
- Basics of LASER. Device technology – integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub, and twin-tub CMOS process
7. Control Engineering
- Application of open-loop and closed-loop systems
- Principles of feedback
- Determination of transfer function by block diagram reduction method
- Time-domain analysis of first and second-order systems, transient and steady-state errors, damping and
oscillations - Routh and Nyquist techniques
- Bode plots, Root loci, Lag, lead and lead-lag compensation,
- State-space model, State transition matrix, Controllability, and observability
8. Telecommunication Systems
- Random signals and noise – probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density
- Analog communication – amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers, elements of hardware, realizations of analogue communication systems, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for AM and FM
- Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems – Pulse Code Modulation (PCM)
- Differential Pulse Code Modulation (DPCM)
- Digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase, and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers, Bandwidth consideration, and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA, and CDMA
- Fundamentals of mobile communication. Fundamentals of optical fibre communication.
9. Microwave Engineering
- Waveguides
- Waveguide component
- Klystrons
- Travelling Wave Tubes
- Magnetron
- Microwave measurements
- Introduction to microstrip lines
- Microwave network analysis
- Microwave semiconductor devices
- Monolithic microwave integrated circuits
10. Antenna & Wave Propagation
- Antenna parameters
- Radiation from a current element in free space
- Reciprocity theorem
- Resonant and non-resonant antenna
- Effective length and aperture, gain, beamwidth, directivity, radiation resistance, efficiency, polarization, impedance and directional characteristics of the antenna, antenna temperature
- Phased array antenna, Mechanism of radio wave propagation, Reflection, refraction, interference, and diffraction of radio waves
- Theory of ground wave, space wave, sky wave, and troposcatter propagation
Allied Engineering Topics
11. Instrumentation
- Accuracy, precision, and repeatability
- Electronic instruments for measuring basic parameters
- Theory of Oscilloscopes
- Signal generators, Signal analyzers
- Characteristics and construction of transducers
12. Computer Networks
- ISO/OSI stack
- LAN technologies (Ethernet, Token ring)
- Flow and error control techniques
- Congestion control
- TCP/UDP and sockets
- IPv4
- Application layer protocols (ICMP, DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, HTTP)
- Basic concepts of hubs, switches, gateways, and routers
13. Network Theory Designs
- Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Reciprocity, Superposition, Compensation, Miller’s, Tellegen’s, and Maximum power transfer theorems.
- Impulse, step, ramp, and sinusoidal response analysis of first-order and second-order circuits.
- Two-port parameters and their interrelations
- Application of Laplace transform and Fourier series in the context of network analysis
- Network synthesis
14. Switching Theories
- Traffic definitions
- Introduction to switching networks
- Classification of switching systems
- Grade of Service
- Basics of Circuit switching and packet switching
15. Information Technology
- Fundamentals of the operating system
- RDBMS terminologies
- Object-Oriented Programming
- Basics of computer graphics
16. Radar Theory
- Radar range equation
- Frequencies of operation
- Fundamentals of Moving Target Indicator (MTI)
- Pulse-Doppler Radar
- Tracking radar
AFCAT Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering
Fundamental Engineering
1. Engineering Mathematics
- Matrix Algebra
- Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors
- Theorems of integral calculus
- Partial derivatives
- Maxima and minima
- Multiple integrals
- Stokes
- Gauss and Green’s theorems
- The first-order differential equation (linear and nonlinear)
- Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations
- Complex variables
- Taylor’s and Laurent’s series
- Sampling theorems
- Mean, Median, Mode, and Standard deviation
- Random variables
- Discrete and Continuous distributions
- Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform
2. Engineering Physics
- Units for measurement
- Description of Motion in One, Two, and Three Dimensions
- Laws of Motion
- Work, Energy, and Power
- Rotational Motion
- Gravitation
- Heat and Thermodynamics
- Electrostatics
- Electric Current
- Magnetic Effect of Currents
- Magnetism
- Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents and Electromagnetic Waves
- Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
3. Engineering Drawing
- Principles of orthographic projections
- Projections of points, lines, planes, and solids
- Section of solids
- Isometric views
- Auto-CAD
Specialization Branch Topics
4. Engineering Mechanics
- Equations of equilibrium in space and its application; first and second moments of area; simple problems on friction
- Kinematics of particles for plane motion; elementary particle dynamics
- Generalized Hooke’s law and its application
- Design problems on axial stress, shear stress and bearing stress
- Material properties for dynamic loading; bending shear and stresses in beams
- Determination of principal stresses and strains – analytical and graphical
- Material behaviour and design factors for dynamic load
- Design of circular shafts for bending and torsional load only
- Deflection of beam for statically determinate problems; theories of failure
5. Thermodynamics
- The basic concept of the First –law and second law of Thermodynamics
- Concept of entropy and reversibility
- Availability and unavailability and irreversibility
- Classification and properties of fluids
- Incompressible and compressible fluids flow
- Effect of Mach number and compressibility; continuity momentum and energy equations
- Normal and oblique shocks
- One dimensional isentropic flow, flow or fluids in duct with frictions that transfer.
- Flow-through fans, blowers, and compressors; axial and centrifugal flow configuration; design of fans and compressors
6. Theories of Machines
- Kinematic and dynamic analysis of plane mechanisms
- Cams, Gears and epicyclic gear trains, flywheels, governors, balancing of rigid rotors, balancing of single and multicylinder engines, linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems (single degree of freedom)
- Critical speeds and whirling of shafts.
- Flywheels, balancing of rotors and reciprocating machinery, balancing machines, governors, free and forced vibration of damped and undamped single degree of freedom systems, isolation, whirling of shafts, gyroscope
7. Fluid Mechanics/Hydraulic Machines
- Fluid flow concepts
- Transport theorem
- Fluid kinematics
- Potential flow
- Governing equations of Fluid flow
- Dimensional Analysis
- Viscous flow
- Boundary-Layer flows
- Turbulence
- Closed conduit flows
- Hydrodynamic lubrication
- Free surface flow
- Compressible flows,
- Hydraulic Turbines Impulse and Reaction Turbines
- Centrifugal and Axial flow pumps
8. Manufacturing Science
- Foundry Technology
- Melting furnaces
- Special casting processes
- Gating and riser design
- Casting defects
- Arc welding, TIG, MIG, submerged arc, Resistance welding, Gas welding, Flash butt welding, Solid-state welding
- Welding metallurgy
- Forming Technology
- Powder metallurgy
9. Material Science
- Basic concepts on structure of solids
- Common ferrous and nonferrous materials and their applications
- Heat-treatment of steels
- Non-metals- plastics, ceramics, composite materials, and nano-materials
10. Machine Drawing
- Development and Intersection of surfaces
- Conventional representation of machine elements, materials, surface finish, and tolerances
- Sectional views and additional views
- Drawing of Screw threads, locking devices, Fasteners, Keys and Cotters, Knuckle joints, Riveted Joints, Shaft Couplings, and Bearings
- Pipe Joints, Assembly and production drawings
Allied Engineering
11. Automotive Engineering
- Introduction
- The power plant, fuel system, electrical system, and other electrical fittings
- Lubricating system and cooling systems
- Chassis and transmission, axles, clutches, propeller shafts, and differential
- Condition for correct steering, steering gear mechanisms, automotive air conditioning
- Tires, the effect of working parameters on knocking, reduction of knocking
- Forms of the combustion chamber for SI and CI engines; rating of fuels, additives; emission.
12. Power Plant Engineering
- Steam power plant
- Steam boilers
- Steam condensers
- Cooling towers, cogeneration and combined cycles
- Nuclear power plants, hydroelectric power plants, power plant economics
13. Industrial Engineering
- System design
- Factory location- simple OR models
- Plant layout- methods based
- Applications of engineering economic analysis and break-even analysis for product selection, process selection, and capacity planning; predetermined time standard
- System planning
- Forecasting methods based on regression and decomposition, design and balancing of multi-model and stochastic assembly lines
- Inventory management – probabilistic inventory models for order time and order quantity determination
- JIT systems; strategic sourcing; managing inter-plant logistics.
14. Flight Mechanics
- Atmosphere: Properties, standard atmosphere
- Classification of aircraft
- Aeroplane (fixed-wing aircraft) configuration and various parts.
- Aeroplane performance: Pressure altitude; equivalent, calibrated, indicated airspeeds
- Primary flight instruments: Altimeter, ASI, VSI, Turn-bank indicator
- Drag polar; takeoff and landing; steady climb & descent,-absolute and service ceiling; cruise, cruise climb, endurance or loiter; load factor, turning flight, V-n diagram
- Winds: head, tail & crosswinds
- Static stability: Angle of attack, sideslip; roll, pitch & yaw controls;
- Longitudinal stick fixed & free stability, horizontal tail position, and size; directional stability
15. Aircraft Structures
- Stress and Strain: Equations of equilibrium, constitutive law, strain displacement relationship, compatibility equations, plane stress and strain, Airy’s stress function.
- Flight Vehicle Structures: Characteristics of aircraft structures and materials, torsion, bending and flexural shear
- Flexural shear flow in thin-walled sections
- Buckling
- Failure theories
- Loads on aircraft
- Structural Dynamics: Free and forced vibration of discrete systems
- Damping and resonance
- Dynamics of continuous systems
16. Aerodynamics
- Basic Fluid Mechanics: Incompressible irrotational flow, Helmholtz and Kelvin theorem, singularities and superposition, viscous flows, boundary layer on a flat plate
- Airfoils and wings: Classification of airfoils, aerodynamic characteristics, high lift devices, Kutta Joukowski theorem; lift generation; thin airfoil theory; wing theory; induced drag; qualitative treatment of low aspect ratio wings.
- Viscous Flows- Flow separation, introduction to turbulence, transition, the structure of a turbulent boundary layer
- Compressible Flows: Dynamics and Thermodynamics of I-D flow, isentropic flow, normal shock, oblique shock.
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