AFCAT Current Affairs [2018-19]

AFCAT Current Affairs –  In this article, we have mentioned all the Highlights of Important AFCAT Current Affairs that can come in the official paper of AFCAT 2019 which is going to be conducted on 16th and 17th Feb 2019.

Highlights of the Indian Defence Meetings have always been a topic for AFCAT Current Affairs. Furthermore, this exam is held on 16th and 17th Feb 2019 and as a result topics like this is have a maximum chance of coming in AFCAT Current Affairs.

India – Central Asia Dialogue | AFCAT Current Affairs

India and the five Central Asia nations on January 13, 2019 showed their support for the inclusive peace process in Afghanistan following the first ever India-Central Asia Dialogue. These five Central Asia nations are Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.

The Dialogue was attended by the Foreign Ministers of Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan and the First Deputy Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan. The Indian side was represented by Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj.

Sushma Swaraj reiterated India’s support and commitment to peace, security and stability of Afghanistan to promote inclusive Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan-controlled peace and reconciliation process.

Though New Delhi does not hold policy talks with the Taliban, it indicated its support for an inclusive peace process in Afghanistan.

India proposed to set up the India-Central Asia Development Group to take forward this development partnership.

Sushma Swaraj also highlighted the joint efforts of India, Iran and Afghanistan in the development of the Chabahar port on the southeastern coast of Iran as a viable route to connect to Afghanistan to Central Asia.

India has pledged to invest USD 500 million to develop the Chabahar port and a road link from there to Afghanistan to give access to that country, bypassing Pakistan.

Importance of Chabahar Port | AFCAT Current Affairs

The Chabahar Port is a key link in the International North South Transport Corridor (INSTC), a 7,200-km-long multi-modal network, to move freight between India, Iran, Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Central Asia and Europe.

Earlier in the beginning of January 2019 itself, India and the US discussed the ongoing peace process in Afghanistan during a meeting between Sushma Swaraj and US President Donald Trump’s Special Envoy on Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad.

Khalilzad is leading an inter-agency delegation to India, China, Afghanistan and Pakistan from January 8-21, 2019

Key Highlights | AFCAT Current Affairs
  • The Ministers welcomed the participation of Afghanistan as an important land link in the regional cooperation and expressed their support and commitment to peace, security and stability of Afghanistan.
  • The countries agreed to promote an inclusive Afghan-led, Afghan-owned peace process and reconciliation.
  • The leaders pledged to assist in economic reconstruction of Afghanistan through the implementation of joint infrastructure, transit and transport, energy projects including regional cooperation and investment projects.
  • The heads noted the importance of sustainable economic growth in Afghanistan by attracting Afghan women to participate in the public life of the country.
  • They emphasized the importance of developing and implementing projects that provide a concerted solution to the problems and issues of economic growth of Central Asia.
  • They discussed areas of cooperation in promoting mutual trade, attracting investments, innovations and technologies in key spheres of industry, energy, information technologies, pharmaceuticals and agriculture, education and training.
  • The first India-Central Asia Dialogue will be held in Samarkand, Uzbekistan on January 12 and 13.
  • The Dialogue will be cochaired by External Affairs Minister (EAM)  Sushma Swaraj and the Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan, Abdulaziz Kamilov.
  • The Foreign Ministers of Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan will participate in the event. The Foreign Minister of Afghanistan will participate in the dialogue as a special invitee for the session dedicated to connectivity issues in the region. Objective of the Dialogue India and the Central Asian countries are bound together through shared history and cultural linkages.
  • The objectives of the first India-Central Asia Dialogue are: To enhance their cooperation in wide-ranging spheres including exploring ways to substantially enhance India’s economic involvement in business and development sector of Central Asia.
  • Developing viable connectivity options between India and Afghanistan and Central Asia to further facilitate trade and economic activity in the region.
  • Strengthen India’s engagement, including political, economic, development partnership and cultural, with all the Central Asian countries and take it to a new level.
  • The first India-Central Asia Dialogue aims at taking forward the bilateral relations which have strengthened following the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to all the five Central Asian nations – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan – in 2015 and the EAM’s tour across the region in August 2018.
ALSO READ – AFCAT 2019 Important topics

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