Vitamins and Their Types: Important Scientific Names for NDA 2/2023 Exam

Vitamins and Their Types:- For aspiring candidates preparing to appear in the NDA (National Defence Academy) 2/2023 Exam, having a comprehensive understanding of essential nutrients like vitamins is crucial. Vitamins play a vital role in maintaining overall health and well-being, which is of utmost importance for candidates aiming to join the armed forces. In this article, we will delve into the different types of vitamins and their scientific names, enabling candidates to reinforce their knowledge and perform well in the NDA 2/2023 Exam.

Vitamins and Their Types:-

  1. Vitamin A (Retinol):

Vitamin A, scientifically known as Retinol, is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for good vision, healthy skin, and proper immune function. It is also crucial for the growth and development of various tissues and organs.

Sources: Retinol can be found in animal-derived foods such as liver, fish oil, dairy products, and egg yolks. Plant-based sources include colorful fruits and vegetables like carrots, spinach, sweet potatoes, and apricots.

  1. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine):

Vitamin B1, also known as Thiamine, is a water-soluble vitamin that plays a crucial role in converting food into energy and supporting proper nerve function. It is essential for the metabolism of carbohydrates.

Sources: Thiamine is abundant in whole grains, fortified cereals, legumes, nuts, and pork.

  1. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin):

Vitamin B2, or Riboflavin, is another water-soluble vitamin that aids in energy production, supports cellular function, and maintains healthy skin and vision.

Sources: Riboflavin can be found in dairy products, lean meats, green leafy vegetables, and enriched grains.

  1. Vitamin B3 (Niacin):

Vitamin B3, scientifically referred to as Niacin, is essential for converting food into energy and plays a significant role in maintaining a healthy nervous system.

Sources: Niacin is present in foods like poultry, fish, peanuts, whole grains, and legumes.

  1. Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid):

Vitamin B5, known as Pantothenic Acid, is involved in energy metabolism and the synthesis of various compounds essential for the body.

Sources: Pantothenic Acid is found in a wide range of foods, including meat, eggs, whole grains, and vegetables.

  1. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine):

Vitamin B6, or Pyridoxine, is crucial for amino acid metabolism, neurotransmitter synthesis, and maintaining a healthy immune system.

Sources: Good sources of Pyridoxine include fish, poultry, bananas, whole grains, and nuts.

  1. Vitamin B7 (Biotin):

Vitamin B7, commonly known as Biotin, plays a role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and amino acids. It is also essential for healthy hair, skin, and nails.

Sources: Biotin is found in liver, egg yolks, nuts, seeds, and some vegetables.

  1. Vitamin B9 (Folate or Folic Acid):

Vitamin B9, also referred to as Folate or Folic Acid, is crucial for DNA synthesis, red blood cell formation, and neural tube development during pregnancy.

Sources: Folate can be obtained from leafy greens, legumes, fortified cereals, and citrus fruits.

  1. Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin):

Vitamin B12, or Cobalamin, is essential for nerve function, DNA synthesis, and red blood cell production.

Sources: Cobalamin is primarily found in animal products such as meat, fish, eggs, and dairy.

  1. Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid):

Vitamin C, known as Ascorbic Acid, is a water-soluble antioxidant that supports the immune system, aids in collagen formation, and enhances iron absorption.

Sources: Vitamin C is abundant in citrus fruits, strawberries, kiwi, bell peppers, and broccoli.

  1. Vitamin D (Calciferol):

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays a crucial role in calcium absorption, bone health, and immune system function.

Sources: Vitamin D can be synthesized in the skin through exposure to sunlight, and it is also found in fortified dairy products, fatty fish, and egg yolks.

  1. Vitamin E (Tocopherol):

Vitamin E, or Tocopherol, is a fat-soluble antioxidant that protects cells from oxidative damage and supports a healthy immune system.

Sources: Vitamin E is found in nuts, seeds, vegetable oils, and leafy greens.

  1. Vitamin K (Phylloquinone):

Vitamin K, also known as Phylloquinone, is essential for blood clotting and bone health.

Sources: Leafy green vegetables, broccoli, and vegetable oils are good sources of Vitamin K.

Having a sound knowledge of vitamins and their scientific names is of great importance for candidates preparing for the NDA 2/2023 Exam. Vitamins are essential nutrients that support overall health, and maintaining a well-balanced diet is crucial for individuals aiming to join the armed forces. Remember to review the sources and functions of these vitamins thoroughly, as it can aid in your performance in the examination and contribute to your general well-being in the long run. Good luck with your preparations and future endeavors in the NDA!

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