Interesting Facts About Para Commando : Qualification, Probation and Training

The Para Commandos, also known as the PARA SF, are an elite Special Forces unit of the Indian Army’s Parachute Regiment. Renowned for their bravery, exceptional abilities, and specialized training, they are tasked with conducting a wide range of missions, including direct actions, hostage rescues, special reconnaissance, and counter-insurgency. In this article, we’ll explore some fascinating facts about these highly skilled and fearless warriors.

16 Interesting About Para Commando

1. Paratrooper Qualification

Before joining the Para Commandos, all personnel must qualify as paratroopers. This demanding training ensures they are skilled in parachuting techniques, enabling them to be rapidly deployed behind enemy lines.

2. Volunteer Force

All Indian Paratroopers are volunteers. Only serving army personnel have the option to join the Para Commandos, which further enhances the elite nature of the unit.

3. Probationary Period

Candidates aspiring to become Para Commandos undergo a rigorous probationary period of three months. This phase includes physical and mental tests, and many candidates do not make it past this stage.

4. Paratroopers Training School

Successful candidates from the probationary period proceed to the Paratroopers Training School (PTS) in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. Here, they undergo intensive training, which includes five jumps, one of which is conducted at night, to earn their wings and the coveted maroon beret.

5. Specialized Training

Successful candidates from the probationary period proceed to the Paratroopers Training School (PTS) in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. Here, they undergo intensive training, which includes five jumps, one of which is conducted at night, to earn their wings and the coveted maroon beret.

6. Rigorous Selection Process

The selection process to become a Para Commando is one of the longest and toughest in the world. Candidates endure sleep deprivation, physical and mental challenges, and extreme tests, with an attrition rate of around 80%.

7. Operational Efficiency

Para Commandos are selected based on criteria such as youth, physical fitness, mental resilience, intelligence, creativity, and high motivation. These attributes are crucial for maintaining operational effectiveness and successfully completing assigned missions.

8. Extensive Operational History

The Parachute Regiment, to which the Para Commandos belong, has participated in numerous operations both within India and abroad. They have even been part of United Nations operations in places like Gaza and Korea.

9. ” Red Devils” Moniker

Para Commandos are often referred to as “Red Devils,” a nickname given to them by soldiers of the German African Corps who fought against them in Africa. The term “Red” comes from the maroon beret worn by the paratroopers, symbolizing pride and valor.

10. Components of the Regiment

The Parachute Regiment consists of both traditional parachute forces and Parachute Special Forces units. These units specialize in various types of warfare and are trained to operate in diverse environments and situations.

11. Diverse Training

Different Para SF units have specific training focuses, such as desert warfare, urban jungle warfare, mountain warfare, counter-insurgency, jungle warfare, and guerrilla warfare. This diversity enables them to adapt to various terrains and mission requirements.

12. Specialized Skills

Para Commandos are trained in a wide range of specialized skills, including firing while rolling and snaking. They can operate effectively in small teams, making them well-suited for special missions and clandestine operations.

13. Limited Sustainment

While highly skilled, Para Commandos can only sustain themselves in enemy territory for a brief period, typically up to 72 hours. Beyond this, they risk being overwhelmed by enemy forces.

14. Small Team Operations

Para Special Forces units are organized to operate in smaller teams, which is crucial for maintaining secrecy, flexibility, and adaptability during special missions and clandestine operations.

15. Multiple Skill Sets

Para Special Forces units are trained in various types of warfare, including urban, unconventional, mountain, jungle, desert, and guerrilla warfare. This diverse skill set enables them to tackle a wide range of missions and challenges effectively.

16. Elite Status

Para Commandos are among the most elite and versatile special forces units globally, known for their exceptional capabilities and unwavering commitment to serving their country. Their nickname as the “Red Devils” of the Indian Army reflects their courage, valor, and dedication to duty.


The Para Commandos epitomize the highest level of excellence in military training and operations. Their qualification process, probationary period, and specialized training reflect the rigorous standards upheld by the Indian Army’s elite forces. As the “Red Devils” of the Parachute Regiment, Para Commandos continue to inspire awe and admiration for their bravery, skill, and unwavering dedication to protecting the nation’s interests.

Frequently Asked Questions:-

1. What are Para Commandos, and what is their role?

  • Para Commandos are special forces units of the Indian Army trained for unconventional warfare, including counter-terrorism, special reconnaissance, and direct action missions behind enemy lines.

2. What qualifications are required to become a Para Commando?

  • To become a Para Commando, candidates must be part of the Indian Army, meet age and medical standards, and undergo rigorous selection and training processes.

3. How is probation assessed for aspiring Para Commandos?

  • Probation for Para Commandos involves intense physical and mental challenges, including endurance tests, combat simulations, and leadership evaluations conducted during initial training phases.

4. What is the duration of Para Commando training?

  • Para Commando training typically lasts for several months, with phases focusing on physical conditioning, specialized skills such as parachuting, combat training, and survival techniques.

5. What are some key aspects of Para Commando training?

  • Para Commando training includes learning specialized skills such as airborne operations, close quarter combat, amphibious warfare, demolitions, and survival techniques in various terrains.

6. How are Para Commandos selected during training?

  • Selection during Para Commando training is based on performance in various exercises, teamwork, leadership potential, and the ability to withstand physical and mental stress.

7. Are there any specific physical fitness standards for Para Commandos?

  • Yes, Para Commandos must meet stringent physical fitness standards, including endurance, strength, agility, and swimming proficiency, to successfully complete their training.

8. What are some challenges faced during Para Commando training?

  • Challenges during Para Commando training include demanding physical conditioning, exposure to extreme weather conditions, sleep deprivation, and simulated combat scenarios.

9. How do Para Commandos contribute to national security?

  • Para Commandos play a crucial role in enhancing India’s national security by conducting specialized operations against terrorist threats, securing sensitive installations, and supporting military objectives.

10. What makes Para Commandos unique within the Indian Army?

  • Para Commandos are highly trained, elite soldiers capable of executing missions with precision and efficiency in high-stress environments, making them a valuable asset for the Indian Army’s special operations capabilities.
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