Major Battles Fought By Indian Army

The history of the Independent Indian Army is a tapestry woven with valor, sacrifice, and unwavering dedication. From the moment India gained independence in 1947, its armed forces, particularly the Indian Army, have stood as bulwarks against external aggression, safeguarding the nation’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. The battles fought by the Indian Army not only shaped the destiny of the country but also exemplified the indomitable spirit of its soldiers. In this comprehensive article, we delve into the major battles fought by the Independent Indian Army, exploring their historical context, significance, and enduring impact on the nation’s narrative.

List of Important Battles of Indian Army

Here is the list of all major battles fought by the Indian Army in Independent India:

1. Indo-Pak War of 1947-48

When India got its own army, one of the first big fights it had was the Indo-Pak War of 1947-48. This is also called the First Kashmir War. India had to protect the state of Jammu and Kashmir from Pakistani soldiers. This fight wasn’t just about showing who was stronger, but it was also about India saying it would defend its land. The Indian Army moved fast and defended the state well. After the fighting, they made a line called the Line of Control (LoC). This line showed where each country’s territory ended. It stopped the fighting, but the argument over who owns Kashmir continued.

2. Liberation of Goa ( Operation Vijay, 1961 )

In 1961, the Indian Army did something important in its history. It showed how determined it was to protect India and bring more areas into the country. This was called Operation Vijay. Its goal was to free Goa, Daman, and Diu from Portuguese rule. The Indian Army, guided by the government, carried out a plan that worked well. They successfully freed these places from colonial rule. This action showed that India was serious about ending colonization and staying united.

3. Indo-Pak War of 1965 ( Second Kashmir War )

In 1965, India and Pakistan got into a big fight again, called the Indo-Pak War. The Indian Army showed strong determination in protecting India from Pakistan’s attacks. One notable battle was at Longewala, where Indian soldiers showed great bravery and smart planning. This war proved that the Indian Army could stop outside threats and keep India safe.

4. Indo-Pak War of 1971

In 1971, something big happened in Indian military history. There was a war between India and Pakistan, called the Indo-Pak War or Liberation War. This war led to the birth of Bangladesh. The Indian Army helped the Mukti Bahini group and defeated Pakistani soldiers in East Pakistan. This war showed how the Army cared about people and how important its role was in shaping the region’s politics.

5. Operation Meghdoot (1984)

Operation Meghdoot is a proof of how determined and clever the Indian Army is. It started in 1984 to take control of the Siachen Glacier area. The land there is rough and hard to live in, which made the operation very tough. But the Army did it well. They made sure India had a good position in that important area. This shows how dedicated the soldiers are to keeping the country safe.

6. Kargil War (1999)

The Kargil Conflict of 1999 is still remembered by India. Pakistani soldiers sneaked into Kargil, a district in Jammu and Kashmir, creating a big problem. The Army quickly started Operation Vijay to kick them out. This conflict showed how skilled, smart, and brave the Indian Army is when faced with tough situations. Their successful operation proved how dedicated they are to protecting India’s borders.

Counter-Insurgency Operations

The Indian Army is busy dealing with insurgencies to keep peace in the country.

  • The Indian Army is busy dealing with insurgencies to keep peace in the country.
  • Operation Blue Star in 1984 was when the Army went into the Golden Temple complex to bring back peace. This operation showed how tricky it can be to deal with threats inside the country.
  • The Kashmir Insurgency is still happening. The Army is working hard to handle the fighting and unrest in the Kashmir Valley. This shows how dedicated they are to keeping the country safe from inside threats.

Peacekeeping Missions

The Indian Army’s legacy goes beyond India’s borders because it takes part in United Nations peacekeeping missions.

  • Indian soldiers have helped keep peace and stability around the world, from Africa to the Middle East. Their hard work and commitment have earned them praise for being professional and dedicated.

Surgical Strikes (2016)

The surgical strikes of 2016 changed how India deals with terrorism from across the border. After terrorists attacked an Army base, the Indian Army did surgical strikes across the Line of Control. These strikes were carefully planned and precise, showing the Army’s determination to keep the country safe and its readiness to act decisively.


The battles fought by the Indian Army symbolize the spirit of sacrifice, bravery, and strength of the nation. Since independence, the Army’s legacy shows its dedication to protecting India’s honor and dreams. The soldiers’ sacrifices and hard work have made India a respected country globally. As the Indian Armed Forces keep growing and changing, their bravery and sacrifices continue to inspire future generations. It reminds us that freedom comes with a price that we must always remember.

Frequently Asked Questions :-

1. What are some major battles fought by the Indian Army in history?

  • The Indian Army has participated in numerous significant battles, including the Battle of Longewala, Kargil War, Battle of Tiger Hill, Battle of Asal Uttar, and Battle of Rezang La.

2. Can you provide information about the Battle of Longewala?

  • The Battle of Longewala took place during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. It was a decisive victory for the Indian Army, as a small Indian contingent successfully defended the Longewala post in Rajasthan against a much larger Pakistani force.

3. What was the significance of the Kargil War?

  • The Kargil War, fought between India and Pakistan in 1999, is one of the most notable conflicts in recent Indian history. It saw intense fighting in the high-altitude mountains of Kargil and Dras sectors, with the Indian Army eventually recapturing territory infiltrated by Pakistani soldiers.

4. Could you explain the Battle of Tiger Hill?

  • The Battle of Tiger Hill occurred during the Kargil War and was one of the most critical engagements. Indian soldiers launched a daring assault on the strategically vital Tiger Hill, eventually capturing it after intense fighting.

5. What happened during the Battle of Asal Uttar?

  • The Battle of Asal Uttar was fought during the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. It was a pivotal engagement in the Khem Karan sector of Punjab, where the Indian Army successfully halted Pakistan’s advance, inflicting heavy casualties and securing a decisive victory.

6. Can you provide details about the Battle of Rezang La?

  • The Battle of Rezang La took place during the 1962 Sino-Indian War. It was fought by the Indian Army’s 13 Kumaon Regiment against Chinese forces. Despite being outnumbered and facing harsh conditions, the Indian soldiers displayed extraordinary courage and determination.

7. What role did the Indian Army play in World War II?

  • The Indian Army played a significant role in World War II, fighting alongside the Allies against Axis powers. Indian soldiers participated in key battles in North Africa, Europe, and Southeast Asia, making crucial contributions to the war effort.

8. How did the Battle of Saragarhi unfold?

  • The Battle of Saragarhi, fought in 1897, was a legendary last stand by a small contingent of Sikh soldiers against overwhelming odds. Despite being vastly outnumbered, they valiantly defended their post in present-day Pakistan’s North-West Frontier Province.

9. What was the Battle of Basantar known for?

  • The Battle of Basantar, fought during the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War, was one of the largest tank battles since World War II. Indian forces decisively defeated Pakistani forces in the Shakargarh sector, securing a crucial victory.

10. How did the Battle of Dograi unfold during the 1965 war?

  • The Battle of Dograi, fought during the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War, saw intense urban combat for control of the village of Dograi in the Lahore sector. Indian troops, led by the 3rd Battalion of the Sikh Regiment, captured Dograi after fierce fighting, marking a significant victory.
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