Military and Paramilitary Forces: Armed Forces in India

Security Forces in India are divided into two categories namely military forces and paramilitary forces. Both forces are equally important for the safety and security of the country. We will be knowing about all the military and paramilitary forces in the article below:

Military Forces in India

Although, the military forces in India are the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force. Military forces in the country can be made to protect the country from external attacks. Now we will be discussing all the details and how to join the different military forces in India.

  1. Indian Army
  2. Indian Navy
  3. Indian Air Force

Indian Army

The land-based element of the armed forces is known as the Indian Army or Bhartiya Thal Sena. The army originated from the East India Company’s military forces and, after independence, became the British Indian Army and the Indian Army.

Moreover, it is under the Chief of Army Staff’s command (COAS). It is ranked as having the second-largest active army worldwide. The Indian Army’s role is to protect India’s sovereignty, territorial integrity, and social harmony against external intimidation and aggression while also ensuring national security. Additionally, it entails offering common people humanitarian help and assistance in times of need and during natural catastrophes.

Indian Navy

India has a 7516.6 km long coastline. India’s maritime borders and interests are protected by the Indian Navy. By stopping high-seas piracy, it also protects Indian commercial ships. Additionally, it helps regular people in times of crisis.

The Chief of Naval Staff, an Admiral, is in charge of it. Three Commands oversee the deployment of the Indian Navy:

  • Vishakhapatnam, the command’s headquarters, is in the Eastern Naval command.
  • Mumbai is home to the Western Naval Command’s headquarters.
  • The headquarters is Kochi, home of the Southern Naval Command.

The naval forces are employed to advance foreign policy goals, create “bridges of goodwill,” and promote global collaboration.

Indian Air Force

On October 8, 1932, the Indian Air Force was formally created. In acknowledgement of its contributions during the Second World War, it was given the name Royal Indian Air Force. Following Independence, the word “Royal” was dropped.

Moreover, its air force is ranked as the fourth-largest in the world. Securing Indian airspace and conducting aerial combat during a conflict are the Indian Air Force’s main responsibilities. In addition to fighting in India’s wars for independence and doing humanitarian work, it has taken part in numerous UN peacekeeping operations.

The commander of India’s air forces is the Chief of Air Staff (an Air Marshal).

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CAPF/Paramilitary Forces in India

Although, CAPF or Central Armed Police Forces are the paramilitary forces in India. Also, there are various paramilitary forces in India that frame a part of the CAPF to take care of the internal security of the country.

  1. Assam Rifles (AR)
  2. Border Security Force (BSF)
  3. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  4. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
  5. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)

Assam Rifles (AR)

  • In 1835, the Assam Rifles were founded.
  • It is one of the six Central Armed Police Forces and is regarded as the oldest paramilitary organisation (CAPF).
  • This army manages counterinsurgency and border security activities, playing a significant role in North East India.
  • Since 2002, they have been manning the 1,643 km long border between India and Myanmar.
  • The only paramilitary organisation with a dual control structure is this one.
  • It is also known as the “Sentinels of the North East,” “Friends of the North East People,” and “Friends of the Hill People.”
  • Lieutenant General-level Army officer serves as its leader. As of right now, it answers to the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Border Security Force (BSF)

The BSF, sometimes known as “India’s First Line of Defense,” is the nation’s border security force.
The Indo-Pakistan War of 1965 led to the establishment of this agency of the Union Government, which is governed by the Ministry of Home Affairs. It was founded on December 1st, 1965.
It is in charge of ensuring the safety of India’s borders and is managed by a member of the Indian Police Service.
In times of conflict, it also takes defensive measures to free up Indian Army men for offensive operations.
Recently, the BSF has also been given the responsibility of helping the CRPF and army with counterinsurgency operations.
Rakesh Asthana, IPS, the current Director-General of BSF (2021).

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Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)

  • Under the “Central Industrial Security Force Act, of 1968,” a parliamentary act, the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) was founded in 1969.
  • Depending on the situation, it offers integrated security coverage to PSUs, airports, and SEZs.
  • Currently, it offers security protection for nuclear installations, space facilities, airports, seaports, power plants, critical government structures, historic sites, and sizable special economic zones.
  • Additionally, the CISF is in charge of protecting those who are designated as Z Plus, Z, X, or Y.
  • Only the CISF is equipped with a specialised and focused firing wing.
  • CISF is a cost-compensating force.
  • Sheel Vardhan Singh serves as the CISF’s director general at the moment (2022).

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

  • The CRPF Act, which was passed in 1949, created the Central Reserve Police Force.
  • It was initially established in 1939 as the Crown Representative’s Police for internal security.
  • Operational counterinsurgency is the Central Reserve Police Force’s main duty.
  • Additionally, it supports state and union territory police efforts to uphold law and order.
  • In addition to this, the force takes part in UN peacekeeping deployments as a police force.
  • To confront Maoist insurgents, the CRPF keeps a special operations force called the Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA).
  • SH. KULDEEP SINGH, IPS is the current Director-General of the CRPF as of 2022.

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBF)

  • After the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police was founded on October 24th.
  • The CRPF Act authorised its creation.
  • It keeps watch over the northern frontiers, patrols the mountainous sections of the India-China border and guards the Indo-Tibetan border.

In Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh, the ITBP took over for the Assam Rifles in 2004. The ITBP patrols the Indo-China border, which runs through the following state (from Jammu & Kashmir’s Karakoram Pass to Arunachal Pradesh’s Jechap La):

  • Kashmir, Jammu
  • Hisar Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • Sikkim
  • Arunachal Pradesh

It looks for and stops border violations.
The team also maintains an eye on cross-border smuggling and illicit immigration.
It has been used in UN peacekeeping operations in Afghanistan, Sudan, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Haiti, Western Sahara, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Special Forces in India

  1. National Security Guard (NSG)
  2. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

National Security Guard (NSG)

  • It was founded on September 22, 1986.
  • A special forces unit under the Ministry of Home Affairs is the National Security Guards.
  • It was created to combat the rise in militancy in the nation.
  • It has a well-trained team that responds to unusual circumstances when local law enforcement and special forces need help.
  • It was established to combat terrorism and ensure that there are no internal conflicts inside the states.
  • They were essential in preventing the 26/11 terrorist assaults in Mumbai.

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

  • In March 1963, the Sashastra Seema Bal was established.
  • They patrol the borders with India, Nepal, and Bhutan.
  • They are also used to secure polling places during elections.
  • It covered 15 states in its coverage region.
  • Previously known as the Special Service Bureau, they are used, among other things, to curb anti-national activity and foster a sense of national pride among border residents.
  • Additionally, it takes action against unlawful operations like smuggling.
  • The SSB is currently led by IPS Kumar Rajendra Chandra as of 2022.

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