It’s well known that Army chief General Bipin Singh Rawat has been carrying out a few restructuring exercises in the Indian Army lately. The Indian Army is reportedly looking to do away with the rank of Brigadier so that the forces have better career prospects and the positions are also on par with the civil services in the country. In view of it, the Indian Army has recently ordered a cadre restructuring to resize the army which has about 39,000 officers and over 10 Lakh soldiers.
The last restructuring was carried out in 2004 and it led to the reduction of age limit for colonels and brigadiers.
The restructuring of the Indian Army will take into account the future requirements and how to make the military lean and mean. The army, like the civil services, intends to reduce its ranks to six or seven from the current nine – lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant colonel, colonel, brigadier, major general, lieutenant general and general. If the plan materialises, a colonel will hold the rank of a major general on promotion, instead of the usual brigadier.
Earlier, the Modi government had asked the Indian Army to cut down its teeth to tail ratio. The Indian Army which borrows very heavily from the past till recently had its own farms, cattle to ensure milk supplies for its cantonment. Similarly, it had an elaborate set-up to maintain its vehicles and a postal service as well. These have been discontinued and the wings like the Ordnance and Supply Corps and Motor Transport Wing are being merged and some functions discontinued.
In tune, Rawat had, in June, asked for the formation of a high-level committee, headed by the military secretary, which would look into the feasibility of these plans. The committee has been asked to submit the report by the end of November.
The committee to restructure the Indian Army will be under the wing of the army which decides on transfers and cadre strength.The committee is scheduled to finalise its report by November 2018 to be considered by the Army and then the government.
Speaking of the restructuring plans, an army spokesperson told the Times of India: “The proposal to abolish the Brigadier rank is just a proposal as of now. It requires comprehensive analysis before a final decision is taken. All modern armies routinely undertake such studies to remain dynamic and effective.”
Meanwhile, the brigadier rank may not be the only one that the Indian Army plans to do away with. TOI, which accessed the internal proposal, reported that cadets may not get the rank of lieutenant either and instead may directly be given the rank of captain once they pass out of the Indian Military Academy (IMA) in Dehradun. Instead, the rank of lieutenant will be awarded to the gentlemen cadets, who are cadets training at the IMA. In May, Rawat had also ordered that retired generals will no longer have access to “sahayaks” (assistants). Sources told Hindustan Times that this move was a part of Rawat’s belief that soldiers were meant to fight and be present at the front, instead of serving as sahayaks – helping with canteen and household work – to retired generals. The unnamed sources also told the daily that Rawat was very focused on the fact that soldiers must always be prepared for war, something he has believed in since he was commissioned into the fifth battalion of the Gorkha Rifles in 1978.
The review comes as wage bills of the Indian Army continue to go up. In the ongoing fiscal (ending March 31, 2019), the Army salary bill is budgeted at Rs 80,945 crore and the pension bill at Rs 95,949 crore. In contrast, the modernisation budget is Rs 26,688 crore.