Assam Rifles, only Paramilitary Force Which operates under the dual control.
The Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary force of India, formed in 1835 under the British colonial government. Initially, it was raised as a force of armed police and was named the “Cachar Levy.” Later, it was renamed the “Assam Military Police,” and in 1917, it became the “Assam Rifles.”
Assam Rifles’ dual control structure
It is responsible for maintaining peace and security in the northeastern states of India. It operates under the dual control of the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Indian Army. The force has a strength of about 63,000 personnel and is headquartered in Shillong, Meghalaya.
It is involved in a range of activities, including counterinsurgency operations, border security, and disaster management. It is also responsible for promoting development and welfare activities in the remote areas of the northeastern states.
The force has a long and distinguished history, and its soldiers have served in various conflicts and operations, including the World Wars, the Sino-Indian War, the Indo-Pak Wars, and the Kargil War. It has also been involved in peacekeeping operations in Sri Lanka and other countries.
It is known for its unique uniform, which includes a black cap, khaki shirt, shorts, and puttees. The force has also been awarded numerous honors and awards, including several gallantry awards such as the Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra, and Vir Chakra.
Assam Rifles’ participation in War:-
It has a long and distinguished history of participation in various wars and conflicts. Here are some notable instances of Its’ participation in war:
- World War I: It played a crucial role in the Allied war effort during World War I. The force was involved in several operations in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. The Assam Rifles also served in the trenches in France, and its soldiers were awarded several honors and awards, including the Victoria Cross.
- World War II: During World War II, It was involved in several operations in Burma, including the Battle of Kohima and the Battle of Imphal. The force played a crucial role in securing the northeastern frontiers of India and cutting off Japanese supply lines. The Assam Rifles also conducted several guerrilla operations behind enemy lines.
- Sino-Indian War: In 1962, the Assam Rifles was deployed to the border with China during the Sino-Indian War. The force was responsible for defending the northeastern borders of India and played a crucial role in repelling Chinese aggression.
- Indo-Pak Wars: The Assam Rifles also participated in the Indo-Pak Wars of 1965 and 1971. During these conflicts, the force was involved in several operations along the western and eastern borders of India.
- Kargil War: In 1999, the Assam Rifles was involved in the Kargil War in Jammu and Kashmir. The force played a crucial role in securing the Line of Control and cutting off Pakistani supply lines.
Overall, the Assam Rifles has a rich history of participation in war and has played a crucial role in securing India’s borders and protecting its national interests. Its soldiers have displayed exemplary courage and valor in the face of adversity, and their contributions to the nation’s defense are greatly appreciated.
It plays a crucial role in maintaining peace and security in the northeastern states of India, and its soldiers continue to serve the nation with distinction and valor.