The Issues behind the Burning of Parali
Parali – Through the various efforts under the Central Sector Scheme on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue in the State of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh & NCT of Delhi, the satellite data indicates that paddy residue burning events have reduced by 29.5 percent, 24.5 percent and 11.0 percent in the States of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab, respectively when compared with the paddy residue burning events in the year 2017.
The Ministry of Power had brought out a policy for biomass utilization for power generation through co-firing in pulverized coal fired boilers in November 2017.
As per the policy, all fluidized bed and pulverized coal units (coal based thermal power plants) except those having ball and tube mill, of power generating utilities, public or private, located in India, shall endeavour to use 5-10% blend of biomass pellets made, primarily of agro residue along with coal after assessing the technical feasibility viz. safety aspects etc.
In line with the policy Central Electricity Authority (CEA) had issued an advisory to all concerned State Governments, power Plants utilities, power equipment manufacturers and other stakeholders to promote use of biomass pellets.
The Ministry of Power in a meeting held on 15.11.2018 has decided that the States of Haryana and Punjab shall issue bids for all coal based Thermal Power Plants to use minimum 5 percent of biomass pellets and up to 10 percent to be co-fired with coal.
What is Parali?
The remaining part of parli paddy is called the root of which is rooted in the earth. Farmers cut the upper part of the crop after harvesting the paddy crop because the same thing happens to the rest, which is the part of the rest, which is not of any use for the farmer. The farmers have to evacuate the fields to plant the next crop, so the farmers set fire to the rest of the crop i. e. dry parali.
What is the Problem of Burning the Parali?
Farmers of Haryana and Punjab cultivate wheat and paddy on 6 – 6 months. During this time, after harvesting a crop, it is used to clean the fields. Air pollution arises after burning pollen. The pollution level increases in Delhi, especially after the pollution of farmers of Haryana and Punjab. The matter has been reached by the Supreme Court. Where the Supreme Court and the NDGT are issued both the instructions on the burning of Parali, then the farmers are demanding alternatives.
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