Malabar Exercise 2021 with the Quad Nations
Malabar Exercise 2021:- Malabar, which began as a bilateral exercise, is now one of the cornerstones of the military interoperability of the Quad forces and Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat said that the Quad’s charter is to ensure freedom of navigation for all nations. Quad nations are called the collection of India, the United States, Japan, and Australia. They have to participate in the 25th edition of the Malabar Exercise, which began off the coast of Guam in the Pacific Ocean on August 26.
What is the Malabar Exercise?
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Malabar is a multilateral war-gaming naval exercise that was started in 1992. It began as a bilateral exercise between the navies of India and the United States. Two more editions of the exercise were carried out in 1995 and 1996, after which there was a break until 2002 in the aftermath of India’s nuclear tests. Japan became a permanent participant in the naval exercise in 2015. Australia and Singapore have participated in this exercise quite a few times as non-permanent members. For the past two years, India has refused Australia’s bid to participate in the drill.
Which warships were participated in Malabar Exercise 2021?
INS Shivalik multirole frigate, the INS Kadmatt anti-submarine warfare corvette, and P8I long-range maritime patrol aircraft was part of the exercise.
The US Navy was represented by the USS Barry, USNS Rappahannock, the USNS Big Horn, and P8A patrol aircraft.
The Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force is represented by the JS Kaga, JS Murasame, and JS Shiranui destroyers, in addition to a submarine and P1 patrol aircraft.
The Royal Australian Navy is represented by the HMAS Warramunga.
In 2007, there were two Malabar Exercises — the first off Okinawa island of Japan in the western Pacific, which marked the first time that the exercise was held away from Indian shores; a second Malabar Exercise was held in September 2007, off Visakhapatnam, which saw India, Japan, the United States, Australia and Singapore participate.
Previous Malabar Naval Exercise:
The 22nd Malabar trilateral naval exercise was successfully concluded on 16th June in Guam, in the Philippines Sea. It was attended by its three permanent members the US, Japan, and India. It was divided into two phases, a harbour phase at Naval Base Guam from June 7 to 10, and a sea phase from June 11 to 16. The training focused on high-end warfighting skill sets, subject matter expert and professional exchanges, combined carrier strike group operations, maritime patrol and reconnaissance operations, surface and anti-submarine warfare, medical operations, damage control, helicopter operations, and visit, board, search, and seizure operations.
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