How To Join CDS?

CDS Full Form

Although, UPSC CDS stands for Union Public Service Commission Combined Defence Services exam. The CDS exam is conducted twice a year for selecting candidates that can be trained to join the Indian Armed Forces. However, the CDS training is conducted in different academies that include:

Name of the Academy City
IMA Dehradun
INA Ezhimala
AFA Hyderabad
OTA (SSC Men) Chennai
OTA (SSC Women) Chennai

CDS Exam Overview

Particulars Details
Exam name Combined Defence Services Examination
Conducting institute Union Public Service Commission
Exam Level National Level exam
No. of test cities More than 70
Exam frequency Twice a year
Eligibility Passed graduation or are appearing in the same
Exam purpose Admission of candidates for the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, and Officers Training Academy
Official website

CDS Eligibility Criteria

Before submitting an online application for the CDS exam, candidates must meet the minimum qualifying requirements. Also, they must meet the age requirements and educational requirements for all academies. If ineligible candidates will apply they might not receive the CDS Admit Card which is the essential document for appearing in the CDS exam.

Name of the Academies Age Limit Educational Qualification
Indian Military Academy 20-24 Graduation from a government-recognized university
Indian Naval Academy 20-22 An engineering degree from a government-recognized university
Air Force Academy 20-23 Bachelor of Engineering or Graduation in any stream but must have passed 12th with PSM
Officer’s Training Academy 20-25 Graduation from a government-recognized university

cds new batch

CDS Exam Pattern

CDS Exam Pattern for For IMA, INA, AFA

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
English Language 2 hrs 100
General Knowledge 2 hrs 100
Elementary Mathematics 2 hrs 100

CDS Exam Pattern for OTA

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
English 2 hrs 100
General Knowledge 2 hrs 100

Also Read:

CDS Marking Scheme

Moreover, it is necessary to know the marking scheme for the Combined Defence Services Exam. Here are the subject-wise CDS marking scheme.

CDS Marking Scheme for IMA, INA, AFA

The marking scheme for the CDS exam for the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Indian Air Force Academy is provided below:

CDS Paper English GK Mathematics
Maximum Marks 100 100 100
Marks for Correct answer +1 mark for each correct option +1 mark for each correct option +1 mark for each correct option
Negative marking -0.33 marks for each wrong answer -0.33 marks for each wrong answer -0.33 marks for each wrong answer

CDS Marking Scheme for OTA

OTA stands for Officers Training Academy. Hence, the marking scheme for CDS OTA has slight changes and most of the things are similar.

CDS Paper English GK
Maximum Marks 100 100
Marks for Correct answer +1 mark for each correct option +1 mark for each correct option
Negative marking -0.33 marks for each wrong answer -0.33 marks for each wrong answer

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UPSC CDS Syllabus 2022

Sections Topics
  • Spotting Errors Questions
  • Sentence Arrangement Questions
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Selecting Words
  • Ordering of Sentence
  • Comprehension Questions
  • Ordering of words in a sentence
  • Fill in the blanks questions
  • Idioms and Phrases
General Awareness (GK)
  • * Economics
  • * Physics
  • * Current Affairs
  • * Politics
  • * Chemistry
  • * Sociology
  • * History
  • * Defence-related Award
  • * Geography
  • * Environment
  • * Sport
  • * Biology
  • * Cultural
  • * Book
  • * Statement
  • * true/false
Elementary Mathematics Algebra
  • Basic Operations
  • simple factors
  • Remainder Theorem
  • H.C.F.
  • L.C.M.
  • Theory of polynomials
  • solutions of quadratic equations
  • relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered)
  • Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions
  • Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions
  • Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions
  • Set language and set notation
  • Rational expressions and conditional identities
  • Laws of indices
  • Number System: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.
  • Fundamental operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions
  • Unitary method
  • time and distance
  • time and work
  • percentages
  • applications to simple and compound interest
  • profit and loss
  • ratio and proportion
  • variation
  • Elementary Number Theory: Division algorithm
  • Prime and composite numbers
  • Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
  • Multiples and factors. Factorization Theorem
  • H.C.F. and L.C.M.
  • Euclidean algorithm
  • Logarithms to base 10
  • laws of logarithms
  • use of logarithmic tables
  • Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90°
  • Values of sin ×, cos × and tan ×, for ×= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°
  • Simple trigonometric identities
  • Use of trigonometric tables
  • Simple cases of heights and distances
  • Lines and angles
  • Plane and plane figures
  • Theorems on Properties of angles at a point
  • Parallel lines
  • Sides and angles of a triangle
  • Congruency of triangles
  • Similar triangles
  • Concurrence of medians and altitudes
  • Properties of angles
  • sides and diagonals of a Parallelogram
  • rectangle and square
  • Circles and their properties including tangents and normals
  • Loci
  • Areas of squares
  • rectangles
  • parallelograms
  • triangle and circle
  • Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book)
  • Surface area and volume of cuboids
  • lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders
  • surface area and volume of spheres
  • Collection and tabulation of statistical data
  • * Graphical representation frequency polygons
  • * histograms
  • * bar charts
  • * pie charts etc
  • * Measures of central tendency

CDS books

Best CDS Coaching in Allahabad

Many times candidates are confused about whether they should attend coaching for Combined Defence Services Exam preparation or not. So, let me tell you that self-study is important but coaching institutes provide you with the right guidance and the right path, by going on that path you can achieve your dream of becoming an officer in the armed forces through CDS entry.

So, the Best CDS coaching in Allahabad is Major Kashi Classes that provide the best guidance for the preparation of various defense exams whether it is NDA, CDS, AFCAT, or other Agnipath recruitment entries. Major Kalshi is the Best CDS Coaching in Prayagraj that offers experienced faculties and study material by MKC publication. 

MKC Offline Classroom Course Unique Features:

  • “Trend Analysis” based unique “Teaching Plan” 
  • Most experienced faculty of MKC, 
  • Doubt Counter facility 
  • Spoken English Classes, 
  • Physical Training Sessions at Malviya Stadium,
  • Best Study Material by MKC Publication 
  • Weekly and Monthly Testing System 
  • Special Current Affairs Sessions 
  • Sunday Extra Classes 
  • Best SSB Interview guidance by Retired Officers 
  • Fully Equipped GTO Ground 
  • Huge Computer Lab 
  • Comfortable Hostel & Mess for Nutritious food 

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How to Join CDS? – FAQs

Q. Who is eligible for the CDS exam?

Ans. CDS eligibility criteria have been provided in the article above.

Q. How can I join CDS after the 12th?

Ans. Sorry, you cannot join the CDS after the 12th. It is a graduate-level exam.

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