CDS Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2023 PDF, Subject-Wise Syllabus

CDS Syllabus 2023

UPSC conducts the CDS exam twice a year for selecting candidates who can be trained further and be enrolled as commissioned officers in the Indian Army. Although, the candidates who have applied online for the Combined Defence Services Examination must prepare well. The syllabus for CDS is very vast and requires in-depth knowledge of the topics.

Hence Major Kalshi Classes has provided you with the updated and complete CDS Syllabus and CDS Exam Pattern. The most detailed and authentic syllabus will help you boost your UPSC CDS Exam preparation.

UPSC CDS Syllabus 2023 – Overview

Mode of exam Offline
Number of sections Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), and Air Force Academy (AFA) – Three Officers’ Training Academy (OTA) – Two
Total marks of the test IMA, INA, and AFA – 300 OTA – 200
Nature of questions Objective type
CDS1 2023 Notification 21st December 2022
Language of question paper Hindi and English
Duration of the test 2 hours for each section of the test

CDS IMA, INA, AFA Exam Pattern 2023

Find the CDS IMA, INA, and AFA Exam pattern in the table below:

Subject Duration Maximum marks
English 2 hours 100
General Knowledge 2 hours 100
Elementary Mathematics 2 hours 100

CDS OTA Exam Pattern 2023

Subject Duration Maximum marks
English 2 hours 100
General Knowledge 2 hours 100

Best Books for CDS Exam Preparation – Click to Download

CDS Preparation Tips for Written Test & Interview

CDS OTA Syllabus 2023- General Knowledge

Topic Description
Current Affairs Cover news of important international and national summits/ conferences, awards, sports-related news, books, authors, etc.
Political Science Important facts of the Indian constitution, fundamental rights, and directive principles, powers of the president and prime minister, constitutional bodies, Indian judiciary, etc.
Indian History Questions may be asked from Ancient, Medieval, and Modern India.
Indian Polity Prepare important facts about India as well as world geography.
Economics Specialize in topics like Budget, Five-year plan, foreign trade, etc.
General Science Physics: Aim on topics like optics, motion, force, units, heat, electricity, temperature, etc.

Chemistry: Work on important topics of organic, inorganic, physical, and general chemistry.

Biology: Improve knowledge of important diseases, botany, zoology as well as human biology.

Defense Related News Questions in this section may be asked about important defence-related topics like Army Day, Navy Day, recent developments, etc.

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CDS Maths Syllabus 2023

  • Basic Operations
  • simple factors
  • Remainder Theorem
  • H.C.F.
  • L.C.M.
  • Theory of polynomials
  • solutions of quadratic equations
  • Relation between roots and their coefficients (Only real roots to be considered)
  • Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions
  • Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions
  • Practical problems on simultaneous linear equations or inequations or quadratic equations
  • Set language and set notation
  • Rational expressions and conditional identities
  • Laws of indices
  • Number System: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.
  • Fundamental operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, square roots, Decimal fractions
  • Unitary method
  • time and distance
  • time and work
  • percentages
  • applications to simple and compound interest
  • profit and loss
  • ratio and proportion
  • variation
  • Elementary Number Theory: Division algorithm
  • Prime and composite numbers
  • Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
  • Multiples and factors. Factorization Theorem
  • H.C.F. and L.C.M.
  • Euclidean algorithm
  • Logarithms to base 10
  • laws of logarithms
  • use of logarithmic tables
  • Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90°
  • Values of sin ×, cos ×, and tan ×, for ×= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°
  • Simple trigonometric identities
  • Use of trigonometric tables
  • Simple cases of heights and distances
  • Lines and angles
  • Plane and plane figures
  • Theorems on Properties of angles at a point
  • Parallel lines
  • Sides and angles of a triangle
  • Congruency of triangles
  • Similar triangles
  • Concurrence of medians and altitudes
  • Properties of angles
  • sides and diagonals of a Parallelogram
  • rectangle and square
  • Circle properties including tangents and normals
  • Loci
  • Areas of squares
  • rectangles
  • parallelograms
  • triangle and circle
  • Areas of figures can be split up into these figures (Field Book)
  • Surface area and volume of cuboids
  • lateral surface – the volume of right circular cones and cylinders
  • surface area and volume of spheres
  • Collection and tabulation of statistical data
  • Graphical representation frequency polygons
  • histograms
  • bar charts
  • Pie charts etc
  • Measures of central tendency

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CDS English Syllabus

CDS English Syllabus 2023 has been provided below. Those who are weak in English must work harder on the following concepts to clear the CDS written exam. English plays a crucial role in the CDS examination. In CDS SSB also the candidates must have fluency in English then only they will be able to narrate the stories well and get good marks in the GD and SRT section.

  • Fill in the blanks
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Vocabulary (Synonyms/ Antonyms/ Phrases)
  • Sentence Rearrangement (Jumbled sentences)
  • Spotting Error
  • Sentence Improvement/ Correction

CDS books

Best Books for CDS Exam Preparation

The candidates who are serious about their UPSC CDS exam preparation can buy the books for all the subjects from the links provided below:

CDS Elementary Mathematics Book – Click to Buy Online
CDS Objective General English Book – Click to Buy Online
CDS History Book – Click to Buy Online
CDS Indian Polity & Constitution Book – Click to Buy Online
CDS Geography Book – Click to Buy Online
CDS Economics Book – Click to Buy Online
CDS General Science Book – Click to Buy Online

CDS Coaching in Allahabad

Although, Major Kalshi Classes is the Best CDS coaching in Allahabad. It comes with original study materials created by MKC Publication. In addition to having the best study materials, MKC also has the most qualified instructors.

Also, we provide the service of question-answering counters, where teachers are constantly on hand to answer your questions. MKC provides the service of medical examinations because it is the best CDS coaching in Prayagraj. So, that person is optimistic that they will pass the SSB Medical Examination.

Best CDS Coaching in India

Major Kalshi Classes are not only restricted to Allahabad. Therefore, the                 Best CDS coaching in India is MKC, it provides best-in-class infrastructure and facilities to its students during their preparation. Below we have provided some of the exclusive features of MKC. Regular motivational sessions are also offered by Saurabh Sir during his tenure.

MKC Offline Classroom Course Unique Features:

  • “Trend Analysis” based unique “Teaching Plan” 
  • Most experienced faculty of MKC, 
  • Doubt Counter facility 
  • Spoken English Classes, 
  • Physical Training Sessions at Malviya Stadium,
  • Best Study Material by MKC Publication 
  • Weekly and Monthly Testing System 
  • Special Current Affairs Sessions 
  • Sunday Extra Classes 
  • Best SSB Interview guidance by Retired Officers 
  • Fully Equipped GTO Ground 
  • Huge Computer Lab 
  • Comfortable Hostel & Mess for Nutritious food
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