If we check in dictionary, the meaning of Paramilitary is mentioned as
– Organized similarly to a military force, or
– A paramilitary organization is organized like an army and performs either civil or military functions in a country.
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state’s formal armed forces. In India Paramilitary Forces refers to the follow three:
- Assam Rifles
- Special Frontier Force
- Indian Coast Guards
Some argue that Indian Coast Guards is not a paramilitary Force but its widely accepted as a Paramilitary Force now. These are Special Forces because of the role that they play and the important tasks that they carry out. They are specially trained to sustain and overcome the biggest and toughest challenges.
Para (Special Forces)
Commonly known as Para SF, is the special force unit of the Indian Army. It is attached to the Parachute Regiment. The unit’s heritage stems from World War II, when 50th Parachute Brigade was established in 1941.
The unit is tasked with missions such as special operations, direct action, hostage rescue, counter-terrorism, unconventional warfare, special reconnaissance, foreign internal defense, counter-proliferation, counter-insurgency, seek and destroy and personnel recovery.
Central Armed Police Forces
Following five forces were earlier considered paramilitary forces, but from March 2011 have been classified as Central Armed Police Forces to avoid confusion:
- Central Reserve Police Force
- Border Security Force
- Indo-Tibetan Border Police
- Central Industrial Security Force
- Sashastra Seema Bal
Special Features of Paramilitary Forces and Para (SF)
PARA and PARA (SF) Battalions come under Parachute Regiment. These are the elite volunteer force of Indian Army. The Regiment has the honour of being conferred the ‘Bravest of the Brave’ distinction. The Regiment has already been awarded 08 Ashok Chakras, 11 Maha Vir Chakras, 21 Kirti Chakras, 106 Shaurya Chakras, 63 Vir Chakras and 491 Sena Medals and the list continues to grow.
The Paratroopers have got a ELITE Status because of the tough selection process, rigorous training and continuous deployment and preparation. They wear a maroon beret which distinguishes them from the rest of the Armed Forces.
PARA and PARA (SF) battalions are often called to carry out following tasks:
- Intelligence collection
- Special reconnaissance
- Subversion and sabotage of vital enemy infrastructure
- Communications through deep penetration
- Surgical strikes behind enemy lines.
- Covert and direct action as part of counter-terrorist and counter-insurgency operations.
- Hostage rescue operations within and beyond Indian territory.
During operations, soldiers of PARA and PARA (SF) Regiments are assigned with the tasks, which are of special nature and demand very high standards of physical fitness and mental robustness.
Upon joining the service they are required to undergo Specialization Training in any of these:-
- Combat Free Fall.
- Under Water Diving.
- Para motor Pilot.
- IGLA and A/Tk Missile Pilot.
- Rock Craft and Ice Craft.
Being in the PARA/ PARA (SF), generally an individual gets an exposure of serving / training with foreign Armies. Each individual of the Para and Para (SF) can be termed as complete soldier as he has a sound working knowledge and advanced knowledge on one or more of the following skills :-
- Weapon incl Sniping
- language Skills & Cultural Skills
- First Aid & Trauma Mgt
- Combat survival
- Unarmed combat & PTKE (A Philippians Martial Arts )
Selection Process for Recruitment into PARA Regiments:
With a view to recruit motivated and volunteer soldiers into the PARA Regt, Indian Army has issued a notification and the following process would be followed with immediate effect :-
- Successful and eligible candidates that is those attaining 100% marks in Physical Fitness tests and 50% marks in Written Test and are in merit will be asked to exercise an option of joining the ELITE PARA Regt by AROs just prior to their dispatch. These volunteers candidates will be subjected to additional tests for selection for PARA Regt.
- These candidates who have exercised the option of joining the PARA Regt will have the assurance of joining the already allotted Parent Regt if they fail to qualify in the special screening tests for PARA Regiment.
- Volunteers will be subjected to special tests as stated below :-
|Physical Test||Qualification Standard|
|5 KM Run||20 Minutes|
|Push Up||40 reps in 1Minute|
|Sit Up||80 reps in 2 Minutes|
|Mtr Shuttle||17 times in 1 Minute|
- The selected candidates will be dispatched to PRTC. In case the selected candidates are not able to meet requisite trg stds at PRTC, they will be transferred to the parent Regt for further trg.
- The above mentioned tests will be conducted by the Bd of Offrs of the PRTC at the ARO location/station.
Major Kalshi classes hopes that this article clarified at least some of your doubts and provided knowledge and intensified your desire to join the Indian Armed Forces and specially the Para or Para (SF). Keep preparing. All the best. Jai Hind.
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